Insights into DNA Remodeling Complex May Lead to Novel Breast Cancer Therapies

Insights into DNA Remodeling Complex May Lead to Novel Breast Cancer Therapies
Protein complexes that remodel chromatin by making it more or less accessible to DNA-binding proteins play essential roles in the regulation, replication, and expression of the genome — an organism's complete set of DNA, including all of its genes. In a recent study, researchers at the University of Sydney have revealed how one such complex, called NuRD and involved in blood cell production, can switch critical genes on and off. Because one of NuRD's protein components is known to be involved in breast cancer, the study "CHD4 Is a Peripheral Component of the Nucleosome Remodeling and Deacetylase Complex," published in The Journal of Biological Chemistry, may lead to the development of new cancer drugs. Understanding how the NuRD complex works may also explain how certain existing breast cancer drugs act inside the cells. "This enzyme is like a car and the proteins are the different parts that are used to make it. By knowing how these parts fit together, we can understand how the car works and hence we're in a better to position to fix it when something goes wrong," Dr. Daniel Ryan, of Australian National University (ANU) and the John Curtin School of Medical Research, said in a press release. The NuRD complex, composed of approximately 10 subunits, is a chromatin remodeling complex that plays important roles in gene regulation and DNA repair. The team found that when one of the subunits, called CHD4, is removed from the complex, it remains stable and functional. But the mod
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