African-American Breast Cancer Patients More Likely to Undergo Autologous Reconstruction After Mastectomy

African-American Breast Cancer Patients More Likely to Undergo Autologous Reconstruction After Mastectomy
African-American women with breast cancer are significantly more likely to undergo autologous or "flap" breast reconstruction (tissue from another place on their body is used to form the reconstructed breast) than implant-based reconstruction after a mastectomy, according to the results of a retrospective analysis. The analysis, titled “Race and Breast Cancer Reconstruction: Is There a Health Care Disparity?” was published in the journal Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Patients were twice as likely to receive autologous reconstruction even after researchers controlled for age, pathologic stage, and the type of health insurance as potential confounding factors. Racial and ethnic disparities appear to be a continuing problem in the U.S. healthcare system, according to the study. Specifically, researchers looked at whether different races and ethnicities share equal access to breast reconstruction after breast cancer treatment, and said it remains a challenging topic requiring additional investigation. Because breasts are a symbol of femininity for many women, breast cancer can be a catastrophic diagnosis from both medical and psychosocial perspectives. The choice of breast
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